These types of allergic reactions are usually related to spring, but can affect dogs and cats throughout the year. For this reason, the experts at KIWOKO and KIVET solve some doubts about the main environmental allergies that pets can present, as well as their prevention and treatment.
Environmental allergies are one of the conditions that most concern pet owners due to their symptoms and the wide variety of types that exist. But what are environmental allergies? They can be defined as a reaction of the animal’s immune system when they come into contact with certain allergens, either through the skin, inhaling them or ingesting them.
These allergens can be pollens (more frequent in spring) or even mites and fungi (more common during the autumn months). In addition, they are responsible for dermatological problems such as itching, irritation or redness in many of the domestic animals.
For this reason, from KIWOKO and KIVET they make all the information available to the population to learn how to identify and prevent them and preserve the well-being of pets. Pilar Garrido Benavente, from the Kivet Córdoba Connecta clinic
How do environmental allergies affect pets?
«Unlike the human species, in most animals environmental allergies cause dermatological symptoms, although in some cases it is also possible to find involvement of the respiratory system», points out Pilar Garrido.
Do they affect all animal species equally?
As the veterinarian points out, although all animals are susceptible to environmental allergies, “there are species that suffer them more frequently, such as dogs. Even so, the symptoms and the distribution of the lesions vary depending on the animal species ”.
What are the most common symptoms of environmental allergies? How to identify them in time?
In most species, the symptoms are related to the skin: they can suffer from inflammation of the skin, which results in redness in the area and itching. Scratching or excessive licking then appears, especially on the front extremities, otitis, superficial skin infections, hair loss, conjunctivitis and cheilitis (inflammation of the lips).
«If the animal begins to have these symptoms, it is very important to go to your veterinarian to control the allergic outbreak as soon as possible, since it can be complicated by other pathologies that are more difficult to treat,» says Pilar Garrido, veterinarian at Kivet Córdoba Connecta.
So what is the treatment for environmental allergies?
Today, veterinarians have a wide range of treatments that control allergies, such as medications that can be used in the short, medium and long term, depending on the type of environmental allergy and the frequency with which pets suffer these episodes .
In addition, it is also possible to use desensitization treatments, which is commonly known as the «allergy vaccine» in people.
For Pilar Garrido, «allergy treatment must always be multimodal, including different types of medications, shampoo and nutritional supplements, and must be adapted individually to each patient, taking into account their clinical picture and circumstances.»
How to prevent environmental allergies?
As they are caused by an external agent, prevention is not easy. It is important to identify the environmental allergen that affects the animal, that is, the external agent that causes its immune system to overreact.
For example, if you are allergic to dust mites, it is necessary to be very conscientious in cleaning the home, frequently cleaning the surfaces with a damp cloth and vacuuming instead of sweeping, always with the room well ventilated and the animal in another stay of the house.
One last piece of advice offered by Pilar Garrido as prevention is «frequent bathing of the animals with suitable shampoos, since it helps to reduce the allergenic load and also hydrates, calms and helps to recover the skin».
Through these tips, Kiwoko and Kivet show the importance of taking care of pets and helping to preserve their health and well-being.
Name: CrIstina Gómez Rico – HAVAS PR
Source: Agencies / Press releases