It is native of Peru and it is usually raised as a pet. It has been officially recognised as part of Peru’s Cultural Heritage.
These affectionate companion dogs are essentially sighthounds (think Greyhounds and Whippets) and have the same elegant contours of their racy cousins
The Incas believed these dogs had both spiritual connections and mystical qualities. For this reason, they were often used as bed warmers by the Incas and subsequently became close companions in the process.
Spanish explorers came upon this breed in the homes of the Inca nobility when they first entered Peru in the early 1500s.
The Peruvian Inca Orchid is an elegant sighthound that exudes the look of speed, strength and stamina. The breed can be one of three sizes — small, medium or large — and one of two varieties — hairless or coated, both of which can be born in the same litter.
Peruvian Dogs are noble and affectionate, makes for a devoted family companion, not to mention a good watchdog due to his loyalty, independence and protective instincts.
Because of the breed’s lack of coat on the hairless variety, the Peruvian Inca Dog should not be kept outside. Nonetheless, he requires sunscreen anytime he goes outdoors in sunny hot weather. Aside from regular grooming, such as nail trimming, ear cleaning and teeth brushing, the breed only needs the occasional bath.
In 1985, the Kennel Club of Peru accepted the breed and requested the FCI change the name to Perro sin Pelo de Peru (Peruvian Hairless Dog). In 2001, Peru declared the breed a National Patrimony and the dogs are now protected in Peru.
Source: American Kennel Club