Mandatory And Recommended Vaccinations For Pets

Vaccination consists of the inoculation of a preparation intended to generate immunity against a disease by stimulating the production of antibodies.

There is no single and common vaccination plan for all animals since there are factors that condition it such as: age, breed, habitat, lifestyle, etc. The veterinarian, after a rational analysis of the requirements of each individual, is the only legally trained professional with sufficient knowledge to carry it out.

Mandatory vaccinations:

– Dogs: rage. Before 4 months of age. Biannual revaccination in the Autonomous Community of Navarra.

* Remember that if you travel to a European Union country, you must be vaccinated against rabies with a valid vaccine at the time of the trip. Travel with pets (Ministry website).

Rabies is an infectious disease transmissible to humans, that is, a zoonosis.
In Spain, (except for Ceuta and Melilla) it was declared eradicated in 1966 despite the fact that some outbreaks have been detected in recent years.
For all this and for the proximity of our country to Africa (where it is endemic) its prevention and surveillance is essential.

Non-mandatory vaccinations (recommended):

– Dogs: distemper, parvovirus, hepatitis, parainfuenza, leptospirosis, leishmaniasis, kennel cough.
– Cats: rabies, panleukopenia, calicivirosis, rhinotracheitis, leukemia.
– Ferrets: rabies, distemper.
– Rabbits: myxomatosis, hemorrhagic viral disease.

All of them present in Spain.
Vaccination of these diseases is important to protect both the individual and the group (thus achieving the so-called group immunity) and thus be able to reduce the number of cases and therefore the infections.

Vaccination is a clinical act of great importance for the health of pets; Only a veterinarian can assess his health, the ideal age, correct deworming and other circumstances necessary to obtain good immunity.

The time of vaccination is important because the maternal antibodies that the mother has transmitted both through the placenta and mainly with colostrum, which is the first antibody-enriched milk, decrease after birth, but if immunity is made prematurely Maternal can interfere with the vaccine and, if we vaccinate too late, the animal will be without protection for a certain time. We must consult with our veterinarian who will indicate the correct pattern.

Vaccination consists in the inoculation of a substance (dead or attenuated microorganism or fraction of a virus, etc.), against which the organism reacts by creating defenses (antibodies).

The type of vaccines and the frequency can vary according to habits and geographical area in which you live. Therefore, at the moment a person becomes the owner of an animal, they must go to the veterinarian who is the only professional trained to guide them regarding the health care that their pet requires.

In Spain rabies was declared extinct in 1966, except in Ceuta and Melilla, although different outbreaks have appeared over the years, in Malaga, Granada, Madrid, which have been controlled thanks to the generally good protection of our dogs, including a very recent outbreak in Toledo that affected several people. In recent years, cases continue to be detected in Ceuta and Melilla and given the proximity of our country to Morocco, where it is an endemic disease, and the continuous transit of citizens who cross the peninsula from North Africa to Europe, it should not be neglected prevention and surveillance of this disease.

Rabies is an infectious and transmissible disease to humans (zoonosis). It is produced by a virus that attacks the nervous system.

The rabies virus is present in the saliva of the sick animal and can be transmitted to humans or other animals by bite or by coming into contact with an open wound …

The rabies virus infects domestic and wild animals, and is spread to people with close contact with infected saliva (through bites or scratches). The disease is present in almost all continents, but the majority of human deaths are registered in Africa and Asia (More information on the WHO website)

The rest of the vaccines available for dogs and cats are not mandatory but they are recommended since our animals live with us and their health has a direct impact on ours and we must not forget that, within a responsible tenure, there is the maintenance of an adequate sanitary status of our pets.

Dog vaccinations:

Viral hepatitis
Kennel cough

Source: Official College of Veterinarians of Navarra