The black-coated Belgian Sheepdog was developed primarily by breeder Nicolas Rose, whose kennel dates to 1893. The breed takes its European name from Rose’s estate, Chateau Groenendael, outside Brussels.
The Groenendael is a variety of dog that is included in the Belgian Shepherd breed, but sometimes treated as a distinct breed.
The Groenendael is recognized, either as a breed or a variety of the larger breed, by all major kennel clubs, such as the Kennel Club of the UK.
During World War I, they distinguished themselves as messengers, ambulance dogs, and freighters of heavy gunnery. Belgian Sheepdogs reprised their role as war dogs during the Second World War.
Belgian Sheepdogs are alert, devoted, and protective. They’re also highly sensitive and affectionate, and they can make for excellent family companions.
They do better in homes with a fenced yard. Their herding heritage makes Belgian Sheepdogs chasers, and they’ll take off after joggers, bicyclists, and cars if they aren’t contained by a fence.
Although they are good-size dogs, they are very people-oriented and want to be included in family activities.